Tapeworms in Cat
Tapeworms look like long ribbons or pieces of tape. Itchy, unpleasant, and common, keeping your cat free of tapeworms is simple and a great way to keep them healthy and happy.
Did you know there are actually many species of tapeworm? Some are more common than others, and tapeworm species vary in length and the host species they can infect, but all the tapeworms that can infect your cat will be killed by the tapeworm medication available from your vet.
More about tapeworms
The most common species of tapeworm that our cats carry are Dipylidium caninum and Taenia. Although Dipylidium caninum is relatively short, usually maxing out at around 50cm, some tapeworm species can become incredible large – the longest species of tapeworm affects whales and can be over 100ft from end to end!
Tapeworms match their name, and look like long ribbons or pieces of tape. They are divided into lots of small segments, which can be up to 1cm each in length in cats, depending on the tapeworm species.
Adult tapeworms live in the small intestine, and attach to the lining with specialised mouthparts. Here, they sit and absorb nutrients from the gut. Tapeworms reproduce when some of their segments break off. These segments are full of tapeworm eggs, and are passed out in the faeces of your cat. They are often described as looking like moving grains of rice.
Other tapeworms found in our UK cats include Echinococcus granulosus, which does not cause illness in cats but can cause serious disease in humans.
Cats can pick up tapeworms from several sources:
- Some species of tapeworm can migrate into muscle and form cysts. Cats may become infected by eating undercooked or raw meat from infected animals. This is especially important for cats who hunt, as small rodents and birds can carry these tapeworms.
- Fleas can carry Dipylidium caninum larvae. Cats can swallow infected fleas when grooming, and become infected themselves. This is a major route of infection with Dipylidium caninum for cats in the UK – cats can ingest up to 50% of the fleas in their coat via grooming!
- From contact with infected pets or ground that has become infected with tapeworms via faeces. From contact with infected dogs or ground that has become infected with tapeworms via faeces. This can include sheep and cow faeces, which carry Taenia tapeworms.
There may be no external signs of an early infection with tapeworms. One of the first signs may be the presence of tapeworm segments in faeces or around your cat’s back end – these are often described as looking like moving grains of rice.
If the presence of the tapeworm starts to physically affect your cat you may see more advanced signs including:
- Itching around the anus ( usually seen as increased licking and grooming in the area, which may lead to balding or skin irritation)
- Lack of energy
- Weight loss
- Poor skin and coat condition
If your cat is experiencing any of these signs and you suspect that they might have worms then you should make an appointment with
Thankfully, although you can’t stop your cat being exposed to tapeworms, there are options for preventing an infestation developing.
- Regular worming treatments. Worming treatments usually come in the form of tablets or spot-ons, and may manage a range of parasites including tapeworms. This is especially important for cats who hunt, as they are at high risk of picking up Taenia tapeworms. However you choose to manage worms in your cat, make sure to speak to a vet about the best anti-parasitics on offer, as many over the counter treatments have poor efficacy.
- Keeping your cats and dogs up to date with flea treatments will also reduce the risk of fleas infecting your cat with a tapeworm.
If you think your cat might have a tapeworm infection, the best thing to do is to go to your vet. They can do a full physical examination, and check your cat over from nose to tail! If there is a risk your cat may have worms, your vet will prescribe a worming treatment suitable for your pet, which should eliminate the worms. They can also help you plan a worm prevention plan going forward too, to make sure your cat stays protected.
If there is any doubt, your vet may recommend a faecal test. This will look for evidence of worms, such as eggs or segments, and may also look for bacteria within the faeces.Book an appointment
As Dipylidium tapeworms are most commonly transmitted by consuming an infected flea, the risk to human health is quite small as we are much less likely to accidentally eat a flea. However, humans can be affected by these and other tapeworms, although this is more likely to be from another source, such as undercooked meat or accidentally ingesting soil – think about chewing your pen thoughtfully at the allotment for example!
Echinococcus granulosus tapeworms are very small (2-3mm), and do not cause disease in dogs. They can, however, cause significant disease in humans as an infection can lead to the development of large cysts within the organs. Only 10-20 cases of this are reported in the UK each year, so it is very rare, but human health protection is an important part of why vets recommend a thorough protocol to protect your dog from tapeworms.
If you think you may have been exposed to a tapeworm, always contact your doctor for advice.